Too Many Men Too Few Women: Social Consequences of Gender Imbalance in India and China
Ravinder Kaur
140 x 216 mm
Year of Publishing
Territorial Rights
Orient BlackSwan

The gender balance in Asia is significantly shaped by the male-biased sex ratios of two of its most populous countries, China and India. The rapid fertility declines in the two countries, resulting from China's one-child policy and India's two-child norm, combined with the advent of sex determination technologies, has contributed to the birth of fewer girls. As a result of these factors, both countries now have an excess of males and a shortage of females.

There is increasing concern over the likely adverse consequences of such highly masculine populations. Most work on adverse sex ratios has dealt with the identification, patterns and causes of skewed sex ratios; Too Many Men, Too Few Women is the first book to focus specifically on the social consequences of the skewed sex ratio in both India and China. Well-known sociologists, economists and demographers come together to explore the social consequences of a skewed sex ratio from varied perspectives: the position of women in communities with fewer women; the likely increase in incidents of crime and violence; the impact on cultural practices such as dowry and bride price, as well as on domestic violence; and possible policy and reform measures that governments can undertake to correct the gender imbalance.

Based on new empirical work and ethnographical accounts, this book takes a critical look at demographic approaches and policies in both India and China. It will be essential reading for students and scholars of sociology, as well as researchers, policymakers, and funding agencies involved in population studies and problems related to male-biased sex ratios.

Ravinder Kaur is Professor of Sociology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi.

Acknowledgements                                               vii

Tables and Figures                                                ix

Publisher’s Acknowledgements                           xiii

Introduction                                                                                     1
Mapping  the Consequences of Sex Selection  and
Gender  Imbalance in India and China
Ravinder Kaur

Part I: Exploring  Consequences

1.   Signs of Change?                                                                        35
Sex Ratio Imbalance and Shifting  Social Practices
in Northern India
Mattias Larsen and Ravinder Kaur

2.   The Effect of a Male Surplus  on                                                    61
Intimate Partner Violence in India Sunita Bose, Katherine Trent and Scott J. South

3.   China’s Marriage  Market  and Upcoming                                      89
Challenges for Elderly  Men Monica Das Gupta, Avraham Ebenstein and Ethan Jennings Sharygin

4.   Dowry, Daughter Aversion  and                                                    118
Demographic Change A Sociological  Critique  of the ‘Marriage  Squeeze’
Patricia Jeffery

Part II: Social Challenges of the Marriage  Squeeze

5.   Understanding Marriage  Squeezes                                              145
Sex Ratio Imbalance, Gender  and Social Policy in China
Lisa Eklund

6.   ‘Bare Branches’ and the Marriage  Market                                  170
in Rural China Preliminary Evidence  from a Village-level  Survey
Xiaoyi Jin, Lige Liu, Yan Li, Marcus W. Feldman and Shuzhuo Li

7.   The Dark Side of the Marriage  Squeeze                                     197
Violence against Cross-region Brides in Haryana
Neerja Ahlawat

8.   Imbalanced Sex-ratio  and Cross-region Marriage                     220
The Challenges of Transcending Caste Boundaries
Paro Mishra

Part III: Interrogating Policy Responses

9.   Social Management of Gender  Imbalance in China                  249
A Holistic  Governance Framework
Shuzhuo Li, Shang Zijuan and Marcus W. Feldman

10.   Acts of Omission  and Acts of Commission                            275
The Adverse Juvenile Sex Ratio and the Indian  State
Rajni Palriwala

11.   Understanding Policy and Programming on                           302
Sex Selection  in Tamil Nadu Ethnographic and Sociological  Reflections Shahid Perwez

The Policy Challenges                                                                   327
Note by the RGICS


About the Contributors                                                               331
Index                                                                                         334

1. Release Date : 09-Feb-2017 Venue : India International Centre
2. Release Date : 22-Nov-2016 Venue : The Bhai Vir Singh Sahitya Sadan (BVSSS), New Delhi
1. What ‘Too Many Men, Too Few Women’ Can Lead To | The Wire, October 2016
2. Analysing Entrenched Patriarchal Attitudes | The Book Review, December 2016
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