In modern history, the Industrial Revolution is seen as the biggest break, helping humankind move from the Agrarian to the Industrial era.
In Ten Ideologies, eminent scholar and politician S. Jaipal Reddy presents an overview of world history and studies the four great movements that laid the foundation of the Industrial Revolution:
He also points out that these movements were themselves influenced by the legacy of China, India and West Asia.
The author believes that ideology is just as important today; if social ideologies die out, primordial cultural identities based on religion, race, or nation will reawaken, thereby dividing society further. In this context, he discusses ten major ideologies that shaped the world: (i) Nationalism, (ii) Democracy, (iii) Liberalism, (iv) Capitalism, (v) Evolutionary Socialism, (vi) Revolutionary Socialism, (vii) Feminism, (viii) Environmentalism, (ix) Nuclear Pacifism, and (x) Globalism.
Informative and incisive, this reader provides a rare and compact coverage of ideologies, and a study of the great asymmetry between pre-industrial passions and post-industrial weapons.
S. Jaipal Reddy, born in 1942, hails from a well-to-do farming family of Madugul village of Mehaboobnagar district (now in Telangana). He was elected President of Osmania University Students’ Union for two consecutive years (1963–65) and was President of the AP Youth Congress for seven years (1965–71). He was elected as an MLA to the AP Assembly four times, from 1969–84, and to Parliament seven times, from 1984–2014. He served as Union Cabinet Minister three times for such portfolios as Information & Broadcasting, Urban Development, Petroleum & Chemicals, and Science & Technology.
Part I: Four Great Movements
1. The Renaissance
2. Humanism (Hellenic)
3. The Reformation (Protestant)
4. Scientific Revolution
Part II: Ten Ideologies
9. Evolutionary Socialism
10. Revolutionary Socialism
13. Nuclear Pacifism
15. The Great Asymmetry