Textbook Of Practical Physiology For Dental Students
Dr GK Pal & Dr Pravati Pal
216 x 280 mm
Year of Publishing
Territorial Rights
Universities Press

In recent years, rapid advancements have taken place in dental science. Physiology as the mother subject in medicine has equal relevance in dentistry as applicable in modern medicine. This revised and enlarged edition of the practical book for dental students describes the core concepts and principles of practical physiology and has all relevant human and clinical practicals; the practicals on hematology have been thoroughly updated. It is now in two-colour to enhance the visual impact.
The illustrations have been revised and redrawn, and several new colour photographs have been added to clearly demonstrate the methods in conducting the tests.

Dr Gopal Krushna Pal, MBBS, MD, MABMS, FABMS, FABAP, FSAB, AB, is Professor of the
Department of Physiology, Head of the Advance Center of Yoga, and Registrar (Academic), Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry. Dr Pal completed his graduation and training in medicine at VSS Medical College, Sambalpur University, Orissa, in 1987. He did his MD (1988–1991) in Physiology from JIPMER, Pondicherry. Dr Pal has been teaching physiology for more than two decades and has specialised in neurophysiology, cardio-respiratory physiology, endocrinology and immunohematology. His special research experience is in neurophysiology of food and water intake, regulation of body weight and yoga. Both as a student and researcher, Dr Pal has been the recipient of several awards and honours, including the Shyamabati Dubey Award, Dr N Padmanabhan Memorial Award, the A V Tilak Parvathy Devi Prize, ICMR Scientist Award for Biomedical Research,  the Dr D S Munagekar Award from the Indian Medical Association, SIRI Research Award,  Dr Sushila Thakur Prakriti Mandir Prize, the Professor RC Shukla Oration Award of APPI,   the Prof. JN Maitra Memorial Oration Award, the Dr ML Gupta Prize of APPI and the Dr BK Anand Research Prize of APPI. For his contribution to the field of research, the New York Academy of Sciences has nominated him as honorary member of the academy. Dr Pal was editor-in-chief of the journal Biomedicine (2006–09) and editor of Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology (2009–14), and is also an expert reviewer for many national and international journals. Currently, Dr Pal is Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology (IJCEP).

Dr Pravati Pal, MBBS, MD, MABMS, is Professor of Physiology in JIPMER, Pondicherry. She obtained her MBBS degree from VSS Medical College, Sambalpur University, Orissa, in 1993 and MD in Physiology from JIPMER, Pondicherry, in 1998. She has been actively involved in teaching and research in physiology. Her fields of interest are electrophysiology, physiology of nerve and muscle, endocrinology and neurophysiology. Dr Pal has had an outstanding academic and research career. For her exceptional performance at the MD examination, she was awarded distinction. She was also awarded the Vaithilingam Venkatasubba Reddiar Medal by Pondicherry University for her performance in the postgraduate examination. For the best research work in physiology, she received the Dr N Padmanabhan Memorial Award from the Indian Association of Biomedical Scientists in the year 1998. She has published many research papers in national and international journals. Dr Pal has received the coveted Prof  K P Puthuraya Award of APPI for best teacher in physiology for the year 2012.

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
General Introduction
General Laboratory Instructions

Section I:  Hematology
1.  Introduction to Hematology
2.  Collection of Blood Samples
3.  Estimation of Hemoglobin Concentration
4.  Determination of Hematocrit
5.  Study of the Compound Microscope
6.  Hemocytometry
7.  Total RBC Count
8.  Determination of Red Blood Cell Indices
9.  Total Leucocyte Count
10.  Preparation and Examination of Blood Smear
11.  Differential Leucocyte Count
12.  Arneth Count
13.  Absolute Eosinophil Count
14.  Determination of Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
15.  Determination of Blood Group
16.  Osmotic Fragility of Red Cells
17.  Determination of Bleeding Time and Coagulation Time
18.  Platelet Count

Section II: Human and Clinical Practicals
General Principles of Clinical Examination
19.  General Examination

Respiratory System
20.  Stethography
21.  Clinical Examination of the Respiratory System
22.  Effect of Posture on Vital Capacity

Cardiovascular System
23.  Electrocardiography
24.  Clinical Examination of the Radial Pulse
25.  Measurement of Blood Pressure
26.  Effect of Posture on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate
27.  Effect of Exercise on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate
28.  Clinical Examination of the Cardiovascular System

Nervous System
29.  Clinical Examination of the Sensory System
30.  Clinical Examination of the Motor System
31.  Clinical Examination of the Cranial Nerves

Special Senses
32.  Perimetry
33.  Visual Acuity
34.  Colour Vision
35.  Hearing Tests
36.  Examination of Taste and Smell

Section III: Amphibian Experiments
Experiments on Frog’s Nerve and Muscle
37.  Appliances
38.  Nerve-Muscle Preparation
39.  Simple Muscle Twitch
40.  Effect of Temperature on Simple Muscle Twitch
41.  Genesis of Tetanus
42.  Genesis of Fatigue
Experiments on Frog’s Heart and Blood Vessels
43.  Normal Cardiogram of Frog
44.  Effect of Temperature on Frog’s Heart
45.  Effect of Stannius Ligatures on Frog’s Heart

Experiments on Frog’s Nervous System
46.  Postural Reflexes in the Frog

Index of Normal Values

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