Constitutional and Democratic Institutions in India: A Critical Analysis
Sudha Pai
140 x 216 mm
Year of Publishing
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Do weak institutions call for reform and regeneration? Or are they a reflection of rapid social change, of strong traditional societies, and the lack of honest and committed political leadership? Can institutions be understood in terms of universal frameworks, or are they shaped by the specificities of each country?

These are the central questions that Constitutional and Democratic Institutions in India grapples with. The first part explores theoretical approaches to the study of institutions in India, while the remaining four parts cover the Parliament, the higher judiciary, the Election Commission of India, and some federal and social institutions, respectively. Against the backdrop of recurring political instability and a neo-liberal policy environment, the contributors raise many fundamental issues about the functioning of these institutions, their capabilities and the need for reform, and, in the case of the Parliament, the possibility of a shift to the presidential system of government and a model of cooperative federalism.

Sudha Pai retired as Professor at the Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She currently heads the research institute PRAMAN (Policy Research and Management Network), Gurgaon.

List of Tables and Figures
List of Abbreviations

Introduction: Democracy and Institutional Change in India 
Sudha Pai 

Part I Theoretical Frameworks for Studying Institutions
1. How Should We Study Institutions in India?
Aseema Sinha
2. Social Inequalities and Democratic Inclusion: A Study of Political Institutions in India since the 1990s
Vidhu Verma

Part II Parliamentary Institutions
3. Critical Analysis of India’s Legislative Process: Some Case Studies
Kaushiki Sanyal
4. Benefits from Chaos? The Political Incentives behind the Disruption of the Parliament
Ajit Phadnis
5. Executive–Legislative Relations in the Period of Multiparty Governments
K. K. Kailash
6. Time to Imagine a Presidential System?
Shashi Tharoor

Part III The Higher Judiciary
7. The Supreme Court: A Constitutional Court or a Court of Appeal?
Pallavi Bedi
8. The Relations between the Supreme Court and the Parliament
Goutham Shivshankar
9. Demosprudence or Judicial Overreach and Usurpation?
Upendra Baxi
10. The NJAC Judgment and Its Discontents
Anirudh Burman and Suyash Rai

Part IV The Election Commission
11. Conducting Elections in India: Experiments and Challenges
S. Y. Quraishi
12. Criminalisation of Politics: The Malady and the Remedy
Jagdeep S. Chhokar
13. Public Funding of Elections and Political Parties 
M. V. Rajeev Gowda and Varun Santhosh
14. Does India Need to Switch to Proportional Representation? The Pros and Cons
E. Sridharan

Part V Federal Institutions
15. The Niti Aayog and Changing Federal Relations 
T. K. Arun
16. The Evolving Landscape of Indian Fiscal Federalism and Institutional Challenges: Reinventing the Role of the Finance Commission
M. Govinda Rao
17. Institutions for Minority Accommodation: A Study of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes
Papia Sengupta
18. Language Commissions and Committees: Institutional Framework for Language Policy after Independence 
Asha Sarangi

Notes on Contributors

Release Date: 24-01-2020 Venue: India International Centre (IIC), New Delhi.
How Institutions Are Shaped | the book review, volume XLIV number 7July 2020.
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