Aadhaar Per Aitraaz: Aalakaman ke Haath Big Data
Reetika Khera, Justice (Retd) A. P. Shah
140 x 216 mm
Year of Publishing
Territorial Rights
Orient BlackSwan

This is the Hindi translation of our recently published book, Dissent on Aadhaar: Big Data Meets Big Brother.

Aadhaar, India’s unique identity system, was introduced in 2009 with the stated purpose of creating a more inclusive and efficient welfare system. Hundreds of millions of Indians were enrolled into the biometric database, with successive governments creating pressure by making it compulsory for social benefits. Even after the Supreme Court verdict in 2018, it remains a must-have for welfare.
Aadhaar per Aitraaz argues that Aadhaar was never really about welfare. The essays in this book explain how the project opens the doors to immense opportunities for government surveillance and commercial data-mining.

Focussing on Aadhaar, but drawing lessons from ID projects from other parts of the world also, this book alerts readers to the dangers lurking in such expansive digital ID projects. For example, how profiling, made possible by Aadhaar, impinges on the fundamental Right to Privacy; or how surveillance leads to self-censorship and can choke free thought and expression; or how Aadhaar, contrary to government claims, excludes people entitled by right from welfare when made compulsory. On the technology side, what are the perils of using biometrics and the dangers arising from centralised databases? Who has access to all our data, and how can it be used against us?

With contributions from economists, lawyers, technologists, journalists and civil liberties campaigners, this book is for everyone concerned about a healthy democracy in India and beyond. It will be also be of interest to students and scholars of political science, law and public policy.

Reetika Khera is Associate Professor (Economics and Public Systems) at the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad.

चित्र और तालिकाओं की सूची (List of figures and tables) 
शब्द-संक्षेप (Abbreviations] 
प्रस्तावना : (Foreword : Justice (Retd) A. P. Shah) 
आभार (Acknowledgements) 

भूमिका (Introduction)

1. कल्याण कार्यक्रमों में आधार का प्रभाव (Impact of Aadhaar in Welfare Programmes) 
Reetika Khera 
2. आधार के हाशिये पर (On the Margins of Aadhaar) 
Anumeha Yadav 
3. विशिष्ट पहचान: एक दुविधा (A Unique Identity Dilemma) 
Jean Dre`ze 
4. आधार और निजता (Aadhaar and Privacy) 
Reetika Khera 
5. निगरानी परियोजना (Surveillance Project) 
Sunil Abraham 
6. आधार – एक पहचान या तबाही (Aadhaar—Identity or Dystopia?) 
Viswanath L. 
7. तकनीकी परियोजनाओं की गहन पड़ताल (Inside the Plumbing of Technology Projects) 
Kiran Jonnalagadda 
8. आधार की बायोमीट्रिक सुनामी (Aadhaar’s Biometric Tsunami) 
Shyam Divan 
9. आधार - संवैधानिक चुनौती (Aadhaar—Constitutionally Challenged) 
Prasanna S. 
10. निजता से जुड़ा फैसला (The Privacy Judgment) 
Gautam Bhatia 
11.अनिवार्य आधार व्यवस्था में बच्चों की सहमति की प्रासंगिकता 
(The Relevance of Children’s Consent under a Mandatory Aadhaar Regime) 
Kritika Bhardwaj
12. आधार: जनहित से लाभ तक (Aadhaar—From Welfare to Profit) 
Usha Ramanathan 
13. सार्वजनिक निवेश और निजी लाभ (Public Investments and Private Profits) 
M. S. Sriram 
14. क्या आधार सामाजिक सुरक्षा संख्या जैसा है? ( Is Aadhaar like the Social Security Number?) 
Srujana Bej 
15. पहचान और विकास (Identity and Development): 
Gus Hosein and Edgar Whitley

पुनशच Post-script 
लेखकों का परिचय [Note on the Contributors] 
Three social scientists get award | The Hindu, Chennai, 18 April 2021.
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