Chemistry for CBSE Class X is an excellent preparatory book for students. This book provides class-tested material and practice problems that help students understand the theory and concepts and, as a consequence, develop problem-solving skills to attempt exams with full confidence.
The book is written in lucid language with a variety of solved examples, and aims to assist students in understanding the subject, even without the help of an instructor, as solutions are provided for most of the questions. In addition, all the questions, exercises and activities from the NCERT textbook are solved.
Atul Kumar Singhal obtained his M.Sc. (Organic Chemistry) in 1996 and Ph.D. (Organometallic Chemistry) in 2007 from Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut. He has taught and mentored thousands of students in various institutes since 1996. He is proficient at content creation, designing curricula and guiding students for competitive exams. He is currently Academic Head, Aakash Institute, Modipuram, Meerut. He is the author of the Chemistry Foundation series for Classes 8, 9, 10 by Universities Press.
Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations
Introduction | Chemical Reactions | Examples of Chemical Reactions | Characteristics of Chemical Reactions | Chemical Equations | Rules for Writing a Chemical Equation | Balanced and Unbalanced Chemical Equations | Balancing of Chemical Equations | Types of Chemical Reactions | Combination Reactions | Decomposition Reactions | Displacement Reactions | Double Displacement Reactions | Types of Double Displacement Reactions | Oxidation and Reduction Reactions | Effects of Oxidation Reactions in Everyday Life | Corrosion | Rancidity
Chapter 2 Acids, Bases and Salts
Introduction | Acids and Bases | Indicators for Testing Acids and Bases | Acids | Classification of Acids | General Characteristic Properties of Acids | Uses of Common Acids | Chemical Nature of Acids | Bases | Classification of Bases | General Characteristics of Bases | Uses of Bases | Strength of Acid and Base in Terms of pH Scale | pH Scale | Nature of Solution | Measurement of Acid and Basic Strength | Importance of pH in Everyday Life | pH in Our Digestive System | pH Change as the Cause of Tooth Decay | Plants and Animals are Sensitive to pH Changes | Self Defence by Animals and Plants Through Chemical Warfare | Salts | Common Methods to Prepare Salts | Classification of Salts | General properties of Salts | Salt Hydrolysis | Types of Salt Hydrolysis | Important Salts
Chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals
Introduction | Comparative Study of Metals and Non-Metals | Metals | The Reactivity or Activity Series of Metals | Main Features of the Activity Series | Chemical Properties | Reaction with Oxygen | Reaction with Water | Reaction of Metals with Hydrogen | Reaction of Metals with Chlorine | Reaction with Acids | Reaction with Metal Salt Solution | Non Metals | Physical Properties of Non-metals | Chemical Properties | Reaction with Air | Reaction with Water | Reaction with Hydrogen | Reaction with Chlorine | Reaction with Acids | Displacement of One Non-metal by Another from Salt Solution | Differences Between Metals and Non-Metals | Why Do Metals and Non-Metals Combine? | Ions | Cations and their Formation | Anions and their Formation | Electron Dot Representation | Octet Rule | Chemical Bond | Electrovalent Bond or Ionic Bond | Covalent Bond | Occurrence and Extraction of Metals | Occurrence | General Metallurgical Processes | Extracting Metals Towards the Top of the Activity Series | Extracting Metals in the Middle of the Activity Series | Extracting Metals Low in the Activity Series | Refining of Metals | Corrosion | Rusting of Iron and Its Prevention | Alloys
Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds
Introduction | Versatile Nature of Carbon | Covalent Bonding in Carbon Compounds | Catenation or Self Combination | Occurrence of Carbon | Allotropes of Carbon | Organic Compounds | Classification of Organic Compounds | Hydrocarbons | Aliphatic Hydrocarbons | Cyclic Hydrocarbons | Functional Group | Isomers and Isomerism | Structural or Constitutional Isomerism | Homologous Series | Features of a Homologous Series | IUPAC System (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemists) | Rules of Nomenclature | Examples of Nomenclature | Hydrocarbons | Alkyl halides (Haloalkanes) | Alcohols (R–OH) | Aldehydes (R–CHO) | Ketones | Carboxylic Acids (R–COOH) | Coal and Petroleum | Coal and its Formation | Petroleum and its Formation | Why do Substances Burn With a Flame or Without a Flame? | Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds | Combustion | Substitution Reaction | Addition Reactions | Important Carbon Compounds | Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol, C2H5OH) | Acetic Acid (Ethanoic Acid, CH3COOH) | Soaps and Detergents | Soaps | Detergents
Chapter 5 Periodic Table and Periodic Properties
Introduction | Genesis of Periodic Classification | Mendeleev’s Periodic Table | Features of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table | Merits of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table | Demerits of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table | Modern Periodic Table | Periodicity and its Cause | Features of the Modern Periodic Table | Long Form of the Periodic Table | Position of an Element in the Periodic Table | Trends in Periodic Properties | Valence Electrons and Valency | Atomic Size (Radius) | Metallic and Non-metallic Nature | Chemical Reactivity | Nature of Oxides
Action of Heat on Zinc Nitrate, Copper Nitrate and Lead Nitrate
Chapter at a Glance
Competition Window (Objective Type)
Hints and Solutions